1954年,全球首例活体捐赠肾移植获得成功

2009年2月20日 23:32 肾友网   肾友网阅读:514次
 

First successful living donor kidney transplant 50 years ago

Article Date: 21 Dec 2004 - 15:00pm (UK)

A medical milestone is celebrated on 23 December - the 50th anniversary of the world's first successful organ transplant.

The pioneering living kidney donor operation was carried out between twin brothers in Boston, USA in 1954 - six years before the UK's first successful transplant at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, also between identical twins.

Since then more than 45,000 people have had their lives saved or transformed by a kidney transplant in the UK - about 5,000 of these involved live donors.

Kidney transplants paved the way for surgical teams to develop successful transplantation of other organs including heart, lung, pancreas and liver. In the UK the highest number of organ transplant operations ever recorded - 2,867 - were carried out in 2003-04, thanks to the generosity of 1,240 donors.

Last year saw the highest number of patients for 14 years (1,791) receive a kidney-only transplant, one in four (461) of which were living donor kidney transplants.

Kidney transplants are now so successful in the UK that a year after surgery:

 94% of kidneys in living donor transplants are still functioning well

 87% of kidneys from people who have died are still functioning well.

"What was once seen as a medical miracle - an organ transplant to give a patient a second chance of life - has now become the preferred treatment of choice for many patients with end stage organ failure," says Chris Rudge, Medical Director of NHS UK Transplant.

"Over the years surgical techniques have improved and new immunosuppression drugs are still being introduced. The results of transplants continue to improve. Many more patients would benefit if only more people joined the NHS Organ Donor Register."

One of the people to have benefited from a living-donor kidney transplant is Helen Hayton, 29, who received a kidney transplant from her twin brother, Bernie, in May 2000. Helen, a veterinary nurse from Biggin Hill, Kent, used to spend ten hours a day on dialysis just to stay alive.

"When I was 21 I was diagnosed with a rare auto-immune disease which resulted in antibodies attacking my healthy body tissue. It started with a series of ear, nose and throat complaints but gradually worsened.

"My joints became inflamed, which was very painful and I suffered from blood blisters and abscesses. It was terrible, my lungs began to haemorrhage and my kidneys were about to fail."

Bernie, a Metropolitan Police officer, was shocked at his sister's decline. "It was a natural reaction for me to offer to be the donor. I think most people in my position would have done the same."

Both twins recovered well from their operations at St Helier Hospital, Carshalton. Donor Bernie was home within a few days and surprised everyone with the speed of his recovery. Helen stayed in hospital for two weeks and has quite literally gone from strength to strength.

"Bernie has given me my life back," says Helen. "I feel great, I'm back at work and enjoy swimming and running - winning six medals competing at the transplant games. Bernie's even better - running marathons and he cycled over 300 miles to watch me compete in France."

Transplants rely on the generosity of donors and their families, who agree to organ donation at a difficult time - when their loved one has just died.

"More than 6,000 people in the UK are currently waiting for a transplant to save or dramatically improve their lives," says Health Minister, Rosie Winterton. "There is an urgent need for more donors - kidney patients alone account for about 5,000 of the overall total. Tragically, over 400 people died last year while waiting.

"Joining the NHS Organ Donor Register sends a huge message of support to the thousands of people whose lives depend on the generosity of others."

October 2004 saw the 10th anniversary of the launch of the NHS Organ Donor Register. UK Transplant has set a national challenge - to add one million more "lifesavers" to the register during this anniversary year.

People who carry a donor card are also urged to sign up too. Cards can easily get lost or forgotten which would mean that someone's good intentions might not be put into practice.

Anyone can join the NHS Organ Donor Register by telephoning the Organ Donor Line on 0845 60 60 400 or by visiting http://www.uktransplant.org.uk.

For more information (TV and radio) contact: Markettiers4DC: 020 7253 8888.

Newspaper queries to UK Transplant press office: 0117 975 7475 or 0117 975 7477.


稍新:香港:器官捐赠意识低 换肾最长等24年
早前:夫妻间捐肾效果好